Written by Megan Chamberlain
31 Dec 2020

Importance of Hospital Waste Management

Every employee in every hospital around the country plays a role in hospital-based healthcare waste management. Different types of healthcare waste are generated by every department in a hospital, from the janitorial and housekeeping staff to surgical suites, infectious disease units, and so forth.

When it comes to the importance of hospital waste management there are a few things that should be initated like healthcare waste segregation, an understanding of different healthcare waste stream sources, and regular healthcare waste audit procedures.

That’s why Daniel Health takes the “inside the four walls” approach. We know that education is the key to awareness and proper healthcare waste segregation and disposal processes inside healthcare facilities. We want to work with you and your staff to ensure everyone feels confident in compliantly disposing of healthcare waste. We are your partner not just another "bag and a box" medical waste disposal company.

Althought it’s not just about education, but reducing the volume of medical waste going to landfills, instituting reusable containers, and developing point-of-use solutions. Compliance is key when it comes to the generation, storage and collection, and transportation and disposal of hospital waste.


Benefits of hospital waste management

Hospital waste management increases safety of employees and reduces sharps injury potential, along with the costs of direct and indirect treatment as a result. It also reduces the risk of exposure to blood-borne pathogens and reduces hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). The less a hospital employee has to handle medical waste, the better. 

Healthcare personnel in North America experience over 300,000 needlestick and/or other sharps-related injuries every year. Today the focus is not only on minimising environmental waste, but increasing healthcare worker safety.

We know it’s time-consuming to segregate waste and to find adequate storage spaces before a medical waste disposal company can “collect the trash”. Nevertheless, enhanced education and improved reporting procedures not only increases efficiency, but ensures compliance to federal and state guidelines.

Among the most important issues when it comes to hospital waste management is proper training in waste segregation; equally important is the management of hazardous waste on-site. Do your employees know the difference between medical waste streams? We’re talking:




Do they know which types of hospital waste are recyclable? Daniels Health emphasises the ‘less touches equals less risk’ approach. Do your hospital employees know how sharps waste is defined? Sharps don’t just reference needles (ISO standard 23907:2012), but include:

  • Empty ampoules
  • Razor blades
  • Scalpels
  • Suture needles
  • Butterflies
  • Culture slides and dishes


Bottom line: It is the generator’s legal responsibility to properly segregate and dispose of healthcare waste.

Shall we talk money? Improper waste segregation costs hospitals tens of thousands of dollars a year – because some throw away a bulk of their waste into their biohazardous waste stream – even if it’s not biohazard waste. 


Following the waste streams

Hospitals must be able to follow the trail or waste stream of different types of healthcare waste. These waste streams should be controlled from the moment they’re generated to final treatment, also known as the cradle-to-grave process.

It’s essential for hospitals to have policies and procedures in place that regulate the handling and implementation of healthcare waste and the volume and type of waste generated. Just because something is “disposable” doesn’t mean that it doesn’t have to be handled properly in regard to segregation.

That’s where the waste audit comes in. Waste audits are an integral part of healthcare waste management and aid hospitals in determining the difference between clinical waste and non-clinical waste, as well as the proper segregation of waste streams.

Every hospital should have a plan in place to deal with their medical waste. For example, hospitals around the country have implemented best-practices approaches to deal with medical waste. Some of the topics covered include:


  • Biomedical waste management
  • Solid waste management
  • Self-auditing for different medical waste streams


Every department within the hospital - from administration to janitorial - are given specific guidelines and instructions. Applicable to Canadian healthcare as well, Washington State created their best-practices guide for medical waste years ago. For example, the anesthesia department is instructed to handle spent charcoal filters as dangerous waste. The clinical research department was mandated to manage their chemicals and waste properly through the use of closed, clearly labeled, and dated containers stored in secured areas. They took it farther and required that secondary containment before proper disposal was needed in certain scenarios. The housekeeping department was provided very specific guidelines on the segregation and storage of solid, biomedical, and dangerous waste as well as recyclables.


Proper waste segregation and disposal is the responsibility of the generator

Yes, we’ll say it again: the responsibility of healthcare waste processes belongs to the generator. Penalties and fines can be incurred even after medical waste leaves your hospital. Until its final disposition, it’s your responsibility. It’s also the law.

It’s important to note that approximately 15% of waste generated by most healthcare facilities is deemed hazardous, along with a few other types of biohzardous waste such as biomedical waste. However, even though that may seem like a small amount of waste generated by a facility, massive fines are incurred for non-compliance.

Fines amounting to hundreds of thousands of dollars for a hospital facility for non-compliance or improper handling, storage, or transportation of hospital medical waste still occur. Fines for violations accrue on a daily basis, per violation.

Avoid fines for failure to segregate medical waste properly. Be aware of waste handling laws, permits, and adequate healthcare waste disposal practices.

Daniels Health can help you remain compliant. Our sustainable and efficient healthcare waste management solutions put safety of employees and the environment first. Reduce sharps injury. Aim for reduced carbon footprint. Pay attention to proper healthcare waste segregation and waste management. Contact us today for information on how we can optimise your medical waste disposal practices and remain compliant with ever-changing province and city guidelines.


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Megan Chamberlain

Megan Chamberlain

Compliance and Digital Solutions Specialist

With a little bit of knowledge about a lot of things and a quick wit, Megan was the recipient of the Daniels Pun-Master Award 2017 and is the go-to girl for all things compliance.